PRINCIPLES OF ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR.
Organisational Culture and Structure.
Importance of culture
Organisational culture or corporate culture is a pattern of values, norms, beliefs, attitudes and assumptions that may have been articulated that shape the way in which people behave and things get done.
i. Helps account for variations among organisations and managers. It helps to explain why different individuals or people perceive things in their own way and perform things different from other groups.
ii. Culture can help reduce complexity and uncertainty. It provides a consistency in outlook and values and makes possible the process of decision making coordination and control.
iii. Culture is an important ingredient of effective organizational performance that is there’s a relationship between organisations culture and its performance.
iv. Culture is also important in organizational control system which dictates how people can or cannot do certain things. It lays down norms and social systems.
v. The pervasive nature of culture have a significant effect on organisational processes such as decision making, group behavior, work organization, motivation, job satisfaction and management control.
Functions of Structure.
Organizational structure refers to the way individuals and groups are arranged with respect to the tasks they perform and organizational design refers to the process of coordinating these structural elements in the most effective manner.
i. It identifies responsibility; it gives clear cut of authority and responsibility relationship between the members of the organization. It clearly defines who is superior to whom and to whom they are accountable and to whom they can give orders.
ii. Communication flow; Organisational structure provides a pattern of communication which enables people to pass information to each other and to work for achieving the organizational goals.
iii. Location of decision centers; this means that a person or a designated position are allowed to make decisions for the organisations. These centers are located on the bases of the requirements of work.
iv. Balancing; a structure allows a proper weightage to the entire department and to all the activities or all the employees of the same profile which helps to maintain balance within the organization. Balancing also stops managers in giving over emphasis on some particular activities
v. Basis of creativity; As most of the people are assigned the tasks from their areas of specialization and interest, it creates a base of thinking in line with the efforts of the individual.
vi. It achieves growth and provides an adoption of new technology due to its flexible approach; organizational culture creates an opportunity for growth as people work in groups and in a coordinated manner. It also makes it possible for the adoption of new technology which affects the efficiency of the work in the organization.